Homeschooling in Florida

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julius caesar modern day words  – Click for an easier version to read along with original

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Basic quiz questions :

Information below from: WIKIPEDIA!

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1599.[1] It portrays the 44 BC conspiracy against the Roman dictator Julius Caesar, his assassination and the defeat of the conspirators at the Battle of Philippi. It is one of several plays written by Shakespeare based on true events from Roman history, which also include Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra.

Although the title is Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar is not the most visible character in its action; he appears in only five scenes. Marcus Brutus speaks more than four times as many lines, and the central psychological drama is his struggle between the conflicting demands of honor, patriotism, and friendship

Who is Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar  July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general,  He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years.

After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed “dictator in perpetuity”. But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never restored. Caesar’s adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

Much of Caesar’s life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and from other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources. Caesar is deemed to be one of the greatest military commanders in history.


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DSC00579  DSC00578DSC00572Cute Thanksgiving table ideas

turkey murkey  This was supposed to come out much prettier. … cookie, frosting, pretzel sticks, candy corn, and butterscotch morsels for eyes.

turkeyday1  Turkey cut out sample 

 Easy craft that takes some time (quiet time) turkey wings are about 7 inches in length and 1″ wide. Decorate wings or write something you’re thankful for on each wing. Cut outinfo above
DSC00571 Thanksgiving keepsake placemat: each child wrote what they do every Thanksgiving and glued to turkey cut out, laminated.

Adorable ideas I’m trying. (for links and directions see below)

 Cornucopia Place Cards or Party Favors for Thanksgiving

Fruit Gobbler: Ingredients:
Bosc pear (head) ,Melon (body),Cheese (beak and tail feathers),Red pepper (snood, feet and side feathers)
Raisins (eyes),,Grapes (tail feathers), Bamboo skewers, Toothpicks

1. Stabilize the melon body by cutting a shallow slice off the rind to form a flat base. Using a section of bamboo skewer, attach a Bosc pear head to the melon, as shown.

2. Cut a cheese triangle beak and red pepper snood. Attach both, along with raisin eyes, to the head with sections of toothpick.

3. Cut red pepper feet and set them in place. For tail feathers, skewer cheese cubes and red grapes, then insert the skewers as shown. Pin pepper side feathers in place with toothpicks.

  Homemade Pumpkin Pie

Pine cone turkey :
Handprint keepsake :
Melon turkey:  ( found at
Pilgrim hats:
More ideas and pie recipe: 
cone/cornucopia Name  tag holder from made by ( i saw on pinterest earlier, if you dampen the end point in water you can shape it to turn to look like cornecopia )

More to come… need to get my thanksgiving stuff out 🙂

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Mitotis vs. Meiosis Meiosis v. Mitosis animation and details

Vocabulary and review questions:

Events during Mitosis

Interphase: Cells may appear inactive during this stage, but they are quite the opposite. This is the longest period of the complete cell cycle during which DNA replicates, the centrioles divide, and proteins are actively produced. For a complete description of the events during Interphase, read about the Cell Cycle.

Prophase: During this first mitotic stage, the nucleolus fades and chromatin (replicated DNA and associated proteins) condenses into chromosomes. Each replicated chromosome comprises two chromatids, both with the same genetic information. Microtubules of the cytoskeleton, responsible for cell shape, motility and attachment to other cells during interphase, disassemble. And the building blocks of these microtubules are used to grow the mitotic spindle from the region of the centrosomes.

Prometaphase: In this stage the nuclear envelope breaks down so there is no longer a recognizable nucleus. Some mitotic spindle fibers elongate from the centrosomes and attach to kinetochores, protein bundles at the centromere region on the chromosomes where sister chromatids are joined. Other spindle fibers elongate but instead of attaching to chromosomes, overlap each other at the cell center.

Metaphase: Tension applied by the spindle fibers aligns all chromosomes in one plane at the center of the cell.

Anaphase: Spindle fibers shorten, the kinetochores separate, and the chromatids (daughter chromosomes) are pulled apart and begin moving to the cell poles.

Telophase: The daughter chromosomes arrive at the poles and the spindle fibers that have pulled them apart disappear.

Cytokinesis: The spindle fibers not attached to chromosomes begin breaking down until only that portion of overlap is left. It is in this region that a contractile ring cleaves the cell into two daughter cells. Microtubules then reorganize into a new cytoskeleton for the return to interphase. source:



Process whereby DNA encodes for the production of amino acids and proteins.

This process can be divided into two parts:

1. Transcription
Before the synthesis of a protein begins, the corresponding RNA molecule is produced by RNA transcription. One strand of the DNA double helix is used as a template by the RNA polymerase to synthesize a messenger RNA (mRNA). This mRNA migrates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. During this step, mRNA goes through different types of maturation including one called splicing when the non-coding sequences are eliminated. The coding mRNA sequence can be described as a unit of three nucleotides called a codon.

2. Translation
The ribosome binds to the mRNA at the start codon (AUG) that is recognized only by the initiator tRNA. The ribosome proceeds to the elongation phase of protein synthesis. During this stage, complexes, composed of an amino acid linked to tRNA, sequentially bind to the appropriate codon in mRNA by forming complementary base pairs with the tRNA anticodon. The ribosome moves from codon to codon along the mRNA. Amino acids are added one by one, translated into polypeptidic sequences dictated by DNA and represented by mRNA. At the end, a release factor binds to the stop codon, terminating translation and releasing the complete polypeptide from the ribosome.

One specific amino acid can correspond to more than one codon. The genetic code is said to be degenerate.  Source :




Tips/ and elementary breakdown 🙂

Make sure to read and understand page 199 (Transcription).  KNow the nucleotide bases that link up to DNA.

Transciption is similar to a copy and translation is -changing the language of the nucleotide base sequences in RNA to the langueate of amino acid sequences in a protien

Diploid  number = haploid x 2

Haploid number  = dipoid /2

Diploid has two , Haploid has one

Lytic pathway- the way a virus comes in to destroy a cell and take over- since virus’ can’t multiply themselves, they have to infect or destroy a cell and new virus’ are released to infect other cells.

Antibody-  a protein the helps kill the virus (bad germ!) Once they fight the virus, the cells remember how this enemy came in to attack them so the next time this germ comes by again, it can’t get in like it did last time.

Vaccine- a shot- or a weak version of the virus so the cells know how to fight the virus if it ever comes around poking around to infect you.