Homeschooling in Florida

My journey


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World History Review  Unit 1

  1. What year did the United States first exist as a country? Pg9
  2. Other parts of the world consider America Eastern or Western Civilization? Pg 13
  3. Africa and Asia are considered Eastern or Western? Pg 13
  4. Where is our English language traced back to? Pg 12
  5. What country helped America break away from the British? Pg 12
  6. Give an example of how a religion has affected history pg 15-16
  7. In 1600-1700 how were Kings viewed? Pg 17
  8. What was John Locke important for? Pg 17
  9. What is our national motto? Pg 18
  10. When government sees religion as the enemy, the results are______. Pg 19

Bible:

  1. Name two attributes of God. Pg 21
  2. Read Jude 6, 1 Timothy 3:6 and John 10;10, John 8;44, 1 John 3:8, 1 Peter 5:8- What does that tell you about satan?
  3. Read Isaiah 14:12-15 and Ez 28:12-19 : do you have an opinion on these verses? Pg 23
  4. John 1:1-3 Everything was created through whom?

Grammar Review

  1. What are the three types of prepositions? Pg 6
  2. Define a Verb. (pg 10)
  3. For a sentence to have a direct object, an _______  __________ must be present.
  4. A direct object received the action of a _________. Pg 20

World History Review  Unit 2

  1. Cain built a city, who was it named after? Pg 36
  2. Name 2 major contrasts which characterize early history. Pg 36
  3. Did Enoch die? Pg 37
  4. Name Noah’s three sons. Pg 37
  5. What year did Archbishop James Ussher conclude that the earth was created? Pg 41
  6. What year do other cultures believe? Pg 41
  7. What was Thomas Aquinas known for? Pg 45
  8. What tree/s was/were forbidden in the garden of Eden? Pg 28
  9. The author tells us it is best to take Genesis as a ______________ whole and to understand it all to be _______________. Pg 29
  10. What is Enuma Elish and what country is it from? Pg 30
  11. Who killed his brother? Cain or Abel? Pg 33
  12. The ________ ___________names the person to whom or for whom (or thing) and action is done. Pg 31

Define Noun pg 35

Define Pronoun pg 39

World History Review  Unit 3

  1. Where was Sumer located?  Pg 51-53
  2. What kind of work was most popular in Sumer? Pg 53
  3. What type of commerce was popular among Sumerians? Pg 53
  4. What is a Ziggurat? Pg 53
  5. What is Cuneiform? Pg 56
  6. Define Cuneus. Pg 54
  7. Name the two important rivers described in Genesis. pg 51
  8. Define civilization pg 51
  9. What is a nomad? (definition not in book, only mentioned on pgs 51-51)
  10. Who was Sargon? Pg 54
  11. Who built Babylon? Pg 54
  12. What is the longest river in the world? Pg 56
  13. Does this river run east to west or north to south? Pg 56
  14. Name a country along this river. Pg 56
  15. How did the people of Egypt view Pharaoh? Pg 57
  16. Who was the only female Pharaoh? Pg 58
  17. Define Menes and Hyskos pg 58
  18. What is the Rosetta stone and what year was it found and by whom? Pg 59
  19. Name two forms of Hieroglyphics (sacred carving). Pg 59
  20. What did the Egyptians use in 2600bc for writing ? pg 59
  21. Name Sumerian Contributions to our world. Pg 61
  22. Name contributions from Egypt. Pg 62
  23. What is the largest religious building in the world? Pg 63
  24. When was the first pyramid built? Pg 63
  25. What was Hammurabi’s code and how did say he receive it? 65
  26. Name 4-6 conjunctions. Pg 55
  27. What is the difference between a coordinating conjunction and a correlative conjunction? Pg 55
  28. A descriptive adjective modifies a ___________ or _____________.
  29. What does and adverb tell? Pg 64
  30. What are the two (or 3) ancient countries that are now called Iraq? Pg 67
  31. What two rivers flowed through the Garden of Eden? Pg 67
  32. Where was the tower of Babel? Pg 67
  33. What was Saddam known for? Pg 69
  34. Nineveh is located in what country? Pg 68

World History Review  Unit 4

  1. What happened at the tower of Babel? Pg 73
  2. What did the Lord promise to Abraham? Pg 73
  3. Who did Abraham marry?
  4. What were the names of Abraham’s sons?
  5. Name Jacobs sons pg 75-75
  6. Define Patriarch pg 76
  7. Name two times Abrahame misled others to protect his own life. Pg 81
  8. Name three types of Nomads pg 83
  9. Describe what happened at Sodom and Gomorrah ? pg 87-89
  10. What did Abraham ask God? Pg 88
  11. Name Jacob’s two wives. Pg 91
  12. Who was Joseph’s mother? Pg 91
  13. Why did Jacob send his sons to Egypt? Pg 93
  14. Joseph forgave his brothers, how is the story of Jesus similar?
  15. What is a predicate?

World History Review Unit 5

  1. When did the Shang Dynasty rule and what country? Pg 99
  2. What religion was growing in India at this time? Pg 99
  3. What method did Pharaoh use in ethnic cleansing? Pg 99
  4. Names the plagues of Egypt (see10 commandments and list of plagues)
  5. Why did Israel grumble? Pg 104-105
  6. Name the 10 commandments
  7. What tribe was Moses from? Pg 107
  8. How old was Moses when God called him at the burning bush? Pg 107
  9. Read over Moses’ excuses on pg 108-109. How would you have responded?
  10. God revealed His name to Moses as “______ ________” pg 110
  11. What was the name of Ruth’s mother in law? Pf 113(in box)
  12. What country did they go to? Pg 114
  13. Whose field did Ruth work in? pg 115
  14. What piece of clothing was used in the marriage negotiation as custom? Pg 118-119
  15. Who was their great grandson that would be a great king? Pg 119-120
  16. What is a clause?

World History Review Unit 6

  1. Timeline: Moses, Joshua, Judges, Kings: what is the difference between Judges and Kings?
  2. The people wanted a king, what did God say they were doing by asking for this? Pg 131
  3. Who was the first king to rule Israel? Pg 132
  4. Who ruled after him? Pg 132
  5. Name the two Kingdoms they divided into: ________ and ________ pg 132-133
  6. Why did Israel fall? Pg 133 last paragraph
  7. What nation invaded Israel the northern kingdom in 721? Pg 133
  8. What nation did God use to punish Judah between 606-586? Pg 134
  9. What does monotheistic mean? Pg 135
  10. The Jews rebuilt the wall of Jerusalem under whose leadership? Pg 135
  11. What area did Philistia occupy? Pg 137
  12. What were the 5 main cities of Philistia? Pg 137
  13. Who were the Philistines descendants of ? pg 137
  14. What famous Philistine did David conquer? Pg 137
  15. What years did the Hittites flourish in Asia Minor? Pg 138
  16. What were the Hittites known for? Pg 138
  17. What area did the Phoenicians occupy? Pg 138
  18. What were the Phoenicians known for? Pg 138
  19. The Assyrians were descendants of _________, the son of ________ . pg 139
  20. Where was this city located? Pg 139
  21. What were the Assyrians known for?
  22. Who reigned after King David died? Pg 147
  23. What years did King Solomon reign? Pg 147
  24. What books did King Solomon write? Pg 148
  25. What land did King Solomon rule? Pg 148
  26. King Hiram was the king of what county? Pg 149
  27. What did King Solomon build (3 things)? Pb 149-150
  28. What was Solomon’s downfall? Pg 152
  29. What is a prophet? Pg 153
  30. What did they warn the people of ? pg 153
  31. What other job did the prophet Amos have? Pg 154
  32. What kingdom to Amos prophecy against?
  33. What does God promise in Amos 9:11-15? Pg 157

**This can be an open book midterm, make sure you keep records of weekly reports as indicated after each lesson**

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2014/ September update: I switched out of Rosetta stone mid year. It seems easy to go through the lessons, but when I would quiz my daughter, she didn’t know a lot. Rosetta seems fine if you casually want to learn a language or if you are going to another country but I didn’t feel it was right for a spanish class. I switched to an online interactive class through flvs and it was better than expected. She had to interact, talk, have conversations and write in Spanish – which is not part of Rosetta. I was happy with my decision. I did see Mango at the FPEA home school convention. It was different and fascinating, but I think it might be best for someone who wants to quickly learn a language in order to travel. I’d like to try Mango, but not willing to put in another investment like I did with Rosetta. That’s my humble opinion, and I’ve spoken to a few other moms who feel the same way. If you are considering Rosetta, you might want to try a free version at a local library before you invest your money.

This week we are taking a break from the online Rosetta Stone program and reviewing words and verb conjugation.  Although student seems to be doing well on Rosetta, when I stopped to quiz her on vocabulary and verbs she was reading along to- she did not know the vocabulary. I created this and other posts to help her more fully understand Spanish 2 at a high school level. Conjugate the following common spanish verbs: Use this site to help you: http://www.conjugation.org/

  1. Cambiar
  2. Escribir
  3. Estudiar
  4. Ensenar
  5. Trabajar
  6. Esparar
  7. Limpiar
  8. Escuchar
  9. Encontrar
  10. Comprar
  11. Hablar
  12. Pagar
  13. Leer
  14. oir
  15. Dormir
  16. Comer
  17. Poder

Study Tener and Venir:http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/pitenven.htm Study Ser and Estar: http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/piserestar.htm Study Ir and dar : http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/piirdar.htm Test your knowledge: http://www.studyspanish.com/cgi-bin/verbs/verb_drill.cgi ar verbs http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/justar.htm er verbs : http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/juster.htm ir verbs:http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/justir.htm


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Since we are not reading a literature book right now, I researched vocabulary on the SAT and the high school literature class syllabus. Here are vocabulary lists I’m using right now.

Vocabulary

Week 1: (16 words)Patronizing, Expectant, Accusatory, Respectful, Reluctant, Tentative, Assertion, Witty, Rebuke, Stealth, Denotation vs. Connotation, Genre (also look up different types of literary genres – great site with worksheets :   http://www.ereadingworksheets.com/genre/  ),  Imagery (also look up different forms of imagery (auditory, tactile, olfactory, gustatory at http://grammar.about.com/od/il/g/imageryterm.htm ), figurativly vs. literally.

Literary Genre – source http://www.ereadingworksheets.com/genre/ (this is a great website, check it out for more information and downloads)

  1. Fiction: writing that is a product of the imagination.
    • Historical Fiction: based on or around a person or event from history.
    • Science Fiction: dealing with aliens, the future, or advanced technology.
    • Fantasy: containing monsters, magic, or other supernatural elements.
    • Realistic Fiction: a story that could have happened, but didn’t.
  2. Nonfiction: writing that is true or factual.
    • Informational Writing: writing that provides information on a topic.
    • Persuasive Writing: writing that attempts to influence the reader.
    • Autobiography: the story of one’s life told by oneself.
    • Biography: the story of someone’s life told by someone else.
  3. Drama: writing that appears as a play or script.
    • Comedy: has a happy ending.
    • Tragedy: ends in death and sadness.
  4. Poetry:  writing that is concerned with the beauty of language
  5. Folklore: stories that were handed down through the oral tradition.
    • Fairy Tale: a story with magic, monsters, and/or talking animals.
    • Fable: a very short story, usually with talking animals and has a moral.
    • Myth: has gods or goddesses and often accounts for the creation of something.
    • Legend: a story based on something that might have once been real, but has since become exaggerated beyond the realm of nonfiction.
    • Tall Tale: stories usually set in the American frontier where the main character has exaggerated strengths, skills, or size.  The tone of the author is humorous.


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Module 5 Vocabulary:http://quizlet.com/25912455/apologia-biology-2nd-edition-module-5-flash-cards/

Module 5 Study Guide: http://quizlet.com/27996961/apologia-exploring-creation-with-biology-2nd-edition-module-5-study-guide-and-summary-flash-cards/

Module 5 test/ review:

http://quizlet.com/21908140/apologia-biology-module-5-test-flash-cards/

Good mid term reveiw for 5,6,7,and 8

http://quizlet.com/2899546/apologia-biology-2nd-ed-vocab-modules-5-6-7-and-8-review-for-quarterly-exam-two-flash-cards/

Great ideas! From Appliesplace http://appliejuice.wordpress.com/2009/10/21/and-then-there-was-life/

Must see review from Homeschooler’s Resources  Part A : http://homeschoolersresources.blogspot.com/2010/10/biology-module-5-chemistry-of-life.html

and part B (Thank you to HomeschoolersResources.blogspot.com)http://homeschoolersresources.blogspot.com/2010/10/biology-module-5-chemistry-of-life-part.html

**my wordpress or computer isn’t working so you have to click the sites to go to the youtubes**


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Notgrass World History Unit 6 (Lessons 26-30)

Lesson 26– Extra information to study:  Ancient Egypt Customs

Timeline of King David’s life : Bibletruth4u.com

Lesson 27: Nations of the Ancient Near East

Israelites and Philistines

quizlet flashcards
History of the Phoenicians
interactive ancient map

https://i0.wp.com/www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1000bc.jpgMap from world Historymaps.com

Click her for more images : http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1000bc.jpg

Ancient Rome

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/history/ancient-medieval/Ancient/v/a-tour-through-ancient-rome-in-320-c-e


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Biology Module 6 Apologia Exploring Creation

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6N82No4Nz8&feature=player_detailpage 5 minutes

cell transportation passive and active

Krebs cycle

ATP ADP

what is atp

For More information on Module 7 : Mindfulramblings.com Apologia Module 7 experiments

cell parts study

Cram.com Vocabulary for Module 6

quizlet.com practice test

Module 7 Review! From homeschoolersresources


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Rosetta Stone Level 1 review verbs and vocabulary

change

cambiar

Hay que cambiar muchas cosas en este país.

It is necessary to change a lot of things in this country.

wait

esperar

Tuvimos que esperar

We had to wait 6 hours for her.

play

jugar

Me gusta jugar al tenis.

I like playing tennis.

borrow

prestar

¿Me puedes prestar un bolígrafo?

Can you lend me a pen?

eat

comer

Los vegetarianos no comen carne.

Vegetarians don’t eat.

take

* tomar

To get to the chapel, it is necessary to take a taxi.

Para llegar a la capilla, hay que tomar un taxi.

smoke

fumar

I don’t smoke any more.

Ya no fumo.

organize

organizar

Estamos organizando una fiesta para el equipo.

We are organizing a party for the team.

fall

caerse

Un anciano se cayó por un barranco.

An old man fell down a ravine.

hurt

dañar / herir

Si digo que no, le heriré sus sentimientos.

If I say no, I will hurt her feelings.

put

poner

Puso el ramo de flores en un florero.

She put the bunch of flowers in a vase.

forget

olvidar

He olvidado tu nombre.

I have forgotten your name.

fit

caber

Este anillo no me cabe en el dedo.

This ring doesn’t fit on my finger.

clean

limpiar

Deberías limpiar tu cuarto después del colegio.

You should clean your room after school.

say

decir

Los chicos dijeron que no habían visto a nadie.

The boys said they hadn’t seen anyone.

worry

preocuparse

No te preocupes, tu madre vendrá pronto.

Don’t worry, your motherwill come soon.

swim

nadar

Aprendí a nadar cuando tenía 8 años.

I learnt to swim when I was 8.

run

correr

Su objetivo es correr un maratón.

His goal is to run a marathon.

allow

permitir / dejar

No se permite fumar.

Smoking is not permitted.

work

trabajar

Trabajan 12 horas al día.

They work 12 hours a day.

type

escribir a máquina

Ella puede escribir a máquina más rápido que él.

She can type faster than him.

write

escribir

Tardó 10 años en escribir el libro.

It took him 10 years to write the book.

talk

hablar

Deberíamos hablar sobre la política.

We should talk about politics.

tell

decir

Prometió decir la verdad.

She promised to tell the truth.

study

estudiar

Hay que estudiar mucho para ser abogado.

You have to study hard to be a lawyer.

drink

beber

Es importante beber agua.

It is important to drink water.

listen

escuchar

Para empezar, debemos escuchar cuidadosamente lo que dicen.

To begin with, we should listen carefully to what they say

dance

bailar

¿Quieres bailar conmigo?

Would you like to dance with me?

break

romper

Se ha roto el brazo.

She has broken her arm.

teach

enseñar

Mi padre me enseñó a conducir.

My father taught me to drive.

spell

deletrear

¿Cómo deletreas tu nombre?

How do you spell your name?

succeed

tener exito

Si no tienes éxito la primera vez, inténtalo otra vez.

If at first you don’t succeed, try again.

sign

firmar

No olvides firmar la carta.

Don’t forget to sign the letter.

give

dar

¿Qué le vas a dar de regalo a tu madre?

What present are you going to give your mother?

need

necesitar

Si necesita ayuda, pídale consejos a su doctor.

If you need help, ask your doctor for advice.

explain

explicar

Tenemos un documento legal que explica nuestra política.

We have a legal document which explains our policy.

find

encontrar

¿Dónde encontraste tus llaves?

Where did you find your keys?

cough

toser

Cubre tu boca cada vez que toses.

Cover your mouth whenever you cough.

learn

aprender

He decidido aprender francés.

I have decided to learn French.

ask

preguntar

Los periodistas me preguntan siempre lo mismo

Journalists always ask me the same thing.

sell

vender

Venden su casa en Londres para mudarse a Los Angeles.

They are selling their house in London to move to Los Angeles.

fly

volar

Un pájaro vuela a una velocidad de 5m/s.

A bird flies at a speed of 5m/s.

turn off

apagar

Antes de cerrar la puerta, apaga todas las luces.

Before closing the door, turn off all the lights.

fix

reparar

Tengo que reparar mi coche: no funcionan las luces de freno.

I must fix my car: the brakelights don’t work.

sit

sentarse

¡Siéntense, por favor, y dejen de hablar!

Please sit down and stop talking.

spend

gastar

Intentan no gastar mucho dinero.

They are trying not to spend much money.

accept

aceptar

Si la otra persona no acepta la responsabilidad del accidente, busque testigos.

If the other person does not accept responsibility for the accident, look for witnesses.

believe

creer

Los ateos no creen en Dios.

Atheists do not believe in God.

sing

cantar

Canta muy bien.

She sings very well.

hear

oir

Tienes que hablar más fuerte: no te oigo.

You must speak louder: I can’t hear you.

try

intentar

Intenta no preocuparse demasiado por su hija.

He tries not to worry too much about his daughter.

travel

viajar

Viaja mucho con su trabajo.

She travels a lot with her job.

want

querer – desear

Quiero viajar por todo el mundo.

I want to travel around the world.

close/shut

cerrar

Antes de salir, cierre todas las ventanas.

Before you go out, close all the windows.

cancel

cancelar

Se ha cancelado el concierto.

The concert has been cancelled.

buy

comprar

Si vas al supermercado, compra vino tinto.

If you go to the supermarket, buy some red wine.

sleep

dormir

¿Cuántas horas duermes cada noche?

How many hours do you sleep each night?

understand

entender

Resultó realmente difícil entenderle.

It was really difficult to understand him.

can/be able

poder

Si quieres, podemos jugar al ajedrez.

If you want, we can play chess.

lose

perder

Federer perdió el partido 2-6, 6-2, 3-6.

Federer lost the match 2-6, 6-2, 3-6.

comb

peinar

Usa un peine para peinarte el pelo.

Use a comb to comb your hair.

have

* tener

She has two borthers and three sisters.

Ella tiene dos hermanos y tres hermanas.

go

ir

¿A qué hora vas a clase de inglés?

What time do you go to English class?

know

saber / conocer

¿Cuántas palabras sabes?

How many words do you know?

count

contar

Si se enfada, cuente hasta 10 antes de reaccionar.

If you get angry, count to ten before reacting.

leave

* salir / marcharse

Al marcharse de la casa, no olvides cerrar la puerta.

When leaving the house, don’t forget to close the door.

turn on

encender

Hay un botón para encender la TV.

There is a button to turno on the TV.

watch

mirar

Mírame cuidadosamente.

Watch me carefully.

finish

terminar

Terminé de pintar la casa anoche.

I finished painting the house last night.

draw

dibujar

Un jugador dibuja una imagen, mientras que los otros tratan de adivinar la palabra.

One player draws a picture, while the others try to guess the word.

speak

hablar

¿Cuántos idiomas hablas?

How many languages do you speak?

translate

traducir

¿Cómo traducirías \”siesta\” al inglés?

How would you translate \”siesta\” into English?

start/begin

comenzar

Los cursos de español empiezan todos los lunes.

Spanish courses start every Monday.

complain

quejarse

No hay mucho de lo que quejarse.

There is nothing much to complain about.

pay

pagar

Le pagan 10 euros la hora.

They pay her 10 euros an hour.

read

leer

Muchas persons suelen leer el periódicopor las mañanas.

A lot of people usually read the newspaper in the morning.

see

ver

Veamos si es verdad.

Let’s see if it’s true.

use

utilizar / usar

Utiliza una escoba para barrer el suelo.

Use a broom to sweep the floor.

rain

llover

Llovió durante 40 días y 40 noches.

It rained for 40 days and 40 nights.

drive

conducir

¿Por qué en Inglaterra se conduce por la izquierda?

Why do they drive on the left in England?

bring

traer

Traéte unas botellas de cerveza a la fiesta.

Bring some bottles of beer with you to the party.

open

abrir

Usa un sacacorchos para abrir la botella de vino.

Use a corkscrew to open the bottle of wine.

stand

ponerse de pie

¡Qué se pongan de pie y que se cuenten!

Stand up and be counted!

live

vivir

Si llevas una vida sana, vivirás más años.

If you lead a healthy life, you will live longer.

fill

llenar

Si llenas la botella con agua de la fuente, no tendrás sed.

if you fill the bottle with water from the fountain, you won’t be hungry.

look

mirar

El mecánico miró por debajo del coche para ver si había una fuga.

The mechanic looked under the car to see if there was a leak.

wake up

despertar

Normalmente me despierto a las 7:45.

I normally wake up at 7:45.

think

pensar

Sé lo que estás pensando.

I know what you are thinking.

make do

hacer

Debes hacer la cama y ordenar tu cuarto.

You must make your bed and tidy your room.

reply

responder

Por favor, no responda a este mensaje

Please do not reply to this message.

cut

cortar

Corta la carne con un cuchillo muy afilado.

Cut the meat with a very sharp knife.

send

enviar

Es mejor enviar el documento por fax.

It is better to send the document by fax.

a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush

más vale pájaro en mano que ciento volando

it’s the early bird that catches the worm
early to bed and early to rise (makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise)

a quien madruga Dios lo ayuda.

madrugar = to get up early

brain is better than brawn

más vale maña que fuerza.

maña = skill, knack

Rome wasn’t built in a day

no se ganó Zamora en una hora.

(Zamora is a town in Spain. It refers to a battle)

out of sight, out of mind

ojos que no ven, corazón que no siente

one man’s meat is another man’s poison

nunca llueve a gusto de todos

llover = to rain

one man’s meat is another man’s poison

lo que a uno cura a otro mata

think before you speak

antes de hablar pensar

the best things in life are free

lo que no cuesta dinero, siempre es bueno

we all make mistakes

el que tiene boca se equivoca

as you sow, so shall you reap

lo que siembres cosecharás
quien siembra vientos recoge tempestades

sembrar = to sow
cosechar = to harvest, reap, to pick

they that live by the sword shall die by the sword

quien a hierro mata, a hierro muere

hierro = iron

you can’t make a silk purse out of a sow’s ear

aunque la mona se vista de seda mona se queda

mono = monkey seda = silk

you never know what you’ve got till it’s gone

nadie sabe lo que vale el agua hasta que falta

a friend in need is a friend indeed

en el peligro se conoce el amigo

if you keep your mouth shut, you won’t put your foot in it

en boca cerrada no entran moscas

if you buy cheaply, you pay dearly

lo barato sale caro

necessity is the mother of invention

la necesidad hace maestros

let sleeping dogs lie

al perro que duerme, no lo despiertes

despertar = to wake, wake up

you can’t teach an old dog new tricks

loro viejo no aprende a hablar

loro = parrot

he who laughs last laughs longest

el que ríe último, ríe mejor

the cure is worse than the cause ?
the solution is worse than the problem?
the cure is worse than the disease?

peor es el remedio que la enfermedad

talk of the devil …(and the devil appears)

hablando del rey de Roma……. (y él que se asoma)

beauty is in the eye of the beholder
love is blind

el sapo a la sapa tiénela por guapa

sapo = toad

if you want a thing done well, do it yourself?

si quieres ser bien servido, sírvate a ti mismo

better late than never

más vale tarde que nunca

time is money

el tiempo es oro

there’s no time like the present

no hay tiempo como el presente

a stitch in time (saves nine)

una puntada a tiempo ahorra ciento

stitch = puntada

better safe than sorry

más vale prevenir que curar;

don’t count your chickens (before they’re hatched)

no hay que vender la piel del oso (antes de cazarlo)

oso = bear cazar = hunt

it’s no use crying over spilt milk

a lo hecho pecho

the grass is always greener on the other side

nadie está contento con su suerte

to throw the baby out with the bathwater

tirar las frutas frescas con las pochas

adj: pocho = over-ripe – past it

every cloud has a silver lining

no hay mal que por bien no venga

half a loaf is better than no bread

algo es algo, peor es nada

never put off till tomorrow what you can do today

no dejes para mañana lo que puedas hacer hoy

absence makes the heart grow fonder

la ausencia es al amor lo que al fuego el aire

when the cat’s away the mice will play

cuando el gato duerme, bailan los ratones

the end justifies the means

el fin justifica los medios

two heads are better than one

cuatro ojos ven más que dos

waste not, want not

quien no malgasta no pasa necesidades

malgastar = waste

you can lead o take a horse to water but you can’t make it drink

puedes darle un consejo a alguien, pero no puedes obligarlo a que lo siga

look after the pennies and the pounds will look after themselves

a quien cuida la peseta nunca le falta un duro

many hands make light work

el trabajo compartido es más llevadero

adj: llevadero = bearable

to put all your eggs in one basket

poner toda la carne en el asador

all that glitters is not gold

no es oro todo lo que reluce

relucir = to twinkle – glitter

INFINITIVE

ser ‘to be’

estar ‘to be’

to be

PRESENT

soy

estoy

I am

 

eres

estás

You are

 

es

está

He/she/it is

 

somos

estamos

We are

 

sois

estáis

You are

 

son

estàn

They are

SIMPLE PAST (preterite)

fui

etuve

I was

 

fuiste

estuviste

You were

 

fue

estuvo

He/she/it was

 

fuimos

estuvimos

We were

 

fuisteis

estuvisteis

You were

 

fueron

estuvieron

They were

IMPERFECT

era

estaba

 

 

eras

estabas

 

 

era

estaba

 

 

éramos

estábamos

 

 

erias

estabais

 

 

eran

estaban

 

CONDITIONAL

sería

estaría

I would be

 

serías

estarías

You would be

 

sería

estaría

etc.

 

seríamos

estaríamos

 

 

seríais

estaríais

 

 

serían

estarían

 

PRESENT SUBJ.

sea

esté

 

 

seas

estés

 

 

sea

esté

 

 

seamos

estemos

 

 

seáis

estéis

 

 

sean

estén

 

PAST SUBJ.

fuera/fuese

estuvieras/estuvieses

 

 

fueras/fueses

estuvieras/estuvieses

 

 

fuera/fuese

estuvieras/estuvieses

 

 

fuéramos/fuésemos

estuviéramos/estuviésemos

 

 

fuerais/fueseis

estuvierais/estuvieseis

 

 

fueran/fuesen

estuvieran/estuviesen

 

PRESENT PART.

siendo

estando

being

PAST PART.

sido

estado

been

COMPARING “SER” AND “ESTAR”

In the pages about the uses of “ser” and “estar” we gave some fairly confusing explanations. Please look at them again.

 

We use “ser” with an adjective to express a permanent or inherent quality

El azúcar es dulce

sugar is sweet

mi padre es calvo

my father is bald

mis hermanas son altas

my sisters are tall

 

We us “estar” with an adjective to express a temporary or unusual quality

Another way of saying this is: To express a quality or state seen by the speaker as subject to change or different from expected

la sopa está un poco fría

the soup is a bit cold

María está muy guapa hoy

María is looking very pretty today

Hoy estoy de mal humor

I am in a bad mood today

 

For many people these types of explanations may be correct but they may not be very helpful.

The concepts maybe more easy to understand by comparing the different meanings below.

 

Es un borracho

He is a drunkard

Está borracho

He is drunk (at the moment)

 

El chico es pálido

The boy is pale (he has a naturally pale complexion)

El chico está pálido

The boy is pale (he is pale at the moment because he is ill)

 

El hielo es frio

The ice is cold (ice is inherently cold)

Este café está frio

This coffee is cold (it has gone cold)

PARA

Spanish

English

IN ORDER TO
Para can come before an infinitive that explains the purpose of the main verb:
In many cases this would answer the question “What did you do it for?”
eg. I went to the bank in order to take out some money.
In English the “para” would be translated as “to, in order to, so as to, in order not to, so as not to.

Fui al banco para sacar dinero

I went to the bank to take out some money.

está ahorrando para comprarse una casa

he is saving in order to buy a house.

llamaré para confirmarlo

I will call in order to confirm it.

Tienes que abrir el sobre con cuidado para no romper el cheque.

You have to open the envelope carefully so as not to damage the cheque.

cerré la puerta para que no nos oigan

I closed the door so that they wouldn’t hear us.

INTENDED FOR
Para is used for purpose. In these cases “para” would be translated as “for, for the purpose of, intended for”

Compré una mesa para el salón

I bought a table for the living room. (intended for)

¿para qué lo quieres?

What do you want it for? (for what purpose do you want it)

Un regalo para su novio

A present for her boyfriend (intended for)

DESTINATION

Salen para Londres

They are leaving for London

empuja para arriba

push upwards

FOR LENGTH OF TIME

Necesito una habitación para 6 noches

I need a room for 6 nights

para siempre

forever

IN TIME PHRASES TO SPECIFY A FUTURE MOMENT IN TIME

lo necesito para mañana

I need it by tomorrow

tiene que estar listo para el día 16

it have to be ready by the 15th

La lección para mañana…

The class for tomorrow

COMPARISON

Es alto para su edad

he is tall for his age

No sudas mucho para una chica muy grande.

You don’t sweat much for a big lass.
a “piropo” (flattering comment) in the north of England)

TO BE ABOUT TO (note in South American they also use por)

Está para llover It is about to rain

POR

Spanish

English

BECAUSE OF
In general terms:
“Por” is used to explain the reason or cause of an action.

 

hablo
hablas
habla
hablamos
habláis
hablan

como
comes
come
comemos
coméis
comen

vivo
vives
vive
vivimos
vivís
viven

Imperfect: I was speaking, I used to speak

hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
hablábamos
hablabais
hablaban

comía
comías
comía
comíamos
comíais
comían

vivía
vivías
vivía
vivíamos
vivíais
vivían

Future: I will speak, I shall speak

hablaré
hablarás
hablará
hablaremos
hablaréis
hablarán

comeré
comerás
comerá
comeremos
comeréis
comerán

viviré
vivirás
vivirá
viviremos
viviréis
vivirán

Conditional: I would speak

hablaría
hablaríás
hablaríá
hablaríamos
hablaríais
hablarían

comería
comerías
comería
comeríamos
comeríais
comerían

viviría
vivirías
viviría
viviríamos
viviríais
vivirían

Simple Past: I spoke

hablé
hablaste
habló
hablamos
hablasteis
hablaron

comí
comiste
com
comimos
comisteis
comieron

viví
viviste
viv
vivimos
vivisteis
vivieron

Perfect: I have spoken

he hablado
has hablado
ha hablado
hemos hablado
habéis hablado
han hablado

he comido
has comido
ha comido
hemos comido
habéis comido
han comido

he vivido
has vivido
ha vivido
hemos vivido
habéis vivido
han vivido

Past Perfect: I had spoken

había hablado
habías hablado
había hablado
habíamos hablado
habíais hablado
habían hablado

había comido
habías comido
había comido
habíamos comido
habíais comido
habían comido

había vivido
habías vivido
había vivido
habíamos vivido
habíais vivido
habían vivido

Past Anterior: I had spoken (little used)

hube hablado
hubiste hablado
hubo hablado
hubimos hablado
hubisteis hablado
hubieron hablado

hube comido
hubiste comido
hubo comido
hubimos comido
hubisteis comido
hubieron comido

hube vivido
hubiste vivido
hubo vivido
hubimos vivido
hubisteis vivido
hubieron vivido

Future Perfect: I will have spoken 

habré hablado
habrás hablado
habrá hablado
habremos hablado
habréis hablado
habrán hablado

habré comido
habrás comido
habré comido
habremos comido
habréis comido
habrán comido

habré vivido
habrás vivido
habré vivido
habremos vivido
habréis vivido
habrán vivido

Conditional Perfect: I would have spoken 

habría hablado
habrías hablado
habría hablado
habríamos hablado
habríais hablado
habrían hablado

habría comido
habrías comido
habría comido
habríamos comido
habríais comido
habrían comido

habría vivido
habrías vivido
habría vivido
habríamos vivido
habríais vivido
habrían vivido

Subjunctive: Present 

hable
hables
hable
hablemos
habléis
hablen

coma
comas
coma
comamos
comáis
coman

viva
vivas
viva
vivamos
viváis
vivan

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